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My Redeemer > Bible Dictionary > Biblical Places > Kadesh - Kinah







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Kadesh, Kadesh Barnea [kay DESH bar NEE uh] (consecrated) - a wilderness region between Egypt and the land of Canaan where the Hebrew people camped during the Exodus. Kadesh Barnea was situated on the edge of Edom (Num. 20:16) about 114 kilometers (70 miles) from Hebron and 61 kilometers (50 miles) Beersheba in the Wilderness of Zin. Kadesh Barnea is also said to be in the Wilderness of Paran (Num. 13:26). Paran was the general name for the larger wilderness area, while Zin was the specific name for a smaller portion of the wilderness territory.

The first mention of Kadesh Barnea occurred during the time of Abraham. Chedorlaomer, king of Elam, and his allied armies waged war against the Amalekites and Amorites from Kadesh (Gen. 14:7). When Hagar was forced by Sarah to flee from Abraham's home, she was protected by the Angel of the LORD, who brought her to the well Beer Lahai Roi, between Kadesh and Bered (16:14). Later Abraham moved to Gerar, situated between Kadesh and Shur (20:1).

The most important contacts of the Israelites with Kadesh Barnea occurred during the years of the Exodus and wilderness wanderings. During the second year of the Exodus from Egypt, the Israelites camped around Mount Horeb, or Sinai. GOD told them to leave Sinai and take an 11-day journey to Kadesh Barnea (Num. 10:11-12; Deut. 1:2). From here the people would have direct entry into the land of Canaan. Moses selected one man from each tribe as a spy and sent them to "spy out the land" (Num. 13:2). After 40 days they returned with grapes and other fruits, proving Canaan to be a fertile, plentiful land.

Ten of these spies reported giants in the land, implying that Israel was too weak to enter Canaan (Num. 13:33). But two of the spies, Joshua and Caleb, said, "Do not fear" (Num. 14:9). The people wanted to stone the two for their report (Num. 14:10), and they went so far as to ask for another leader to take them back to Egypt.

Because of their fear and rebellion at Kadesh (Deut. 9:23), the Israelites were forced to wander in the Wilderness of Paran for 38 years. Kadesh apparently was their headquarters while they moved about during these years. In the first month of the 40th year of the Exodus, the people again assembled at Kadesh for their final march to the Promised Land.

While they were still camped at Kadesh, a number of the leaders of the people rebelled against Moses and Aaron (Num. 16:1-3). They were killed in an earthquake (16:31,32). Miriam, Moses' sister, also died and was buried (20:1). At Kadesh, Moses also disobeyed GOD by striking the rock to bring forth water (20:8-11). He had been told to speak, not strike the rock. Soon after Moses and the people began to move from Kadesh toward Canaan, Aaron died and was buried (20:23-29).

The events at Kadesh Barnea clearly demonstrate the peril of rebelling against GOD's appointed leaders, murmuring and complaining about GOD's directions, and refusing to follow GOD's orders.

Kanah [KAY nuh] (brook of reeds) - the name of a brook and a city in the Old Testament:

  1. A brook (or "gorge", NEB) that served as a boundary between the territories of Ephraim and Manasseh.
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  3. A city on the northern border of the territory of Asher (Josh. 19:28).

Karkor [KAHR kohr] (level ground) - a place in Transjordan where Gideon and his army defeated the remnants of the Midianite army (Judg. 8:1-21).

Kartah [KAHR tuh] (city) - a city in the territory of Zebulun assigned to the Levites (Josh. 21:34).

Kedemoth [KED uh mahth] (ancient places) - a city of the territory of Reuben assigned to the Levites (Josh. 13:18). From the Wilderness of Kedemoth, Moses sent messengers to Sihon the Amorite, requesting permission to pass through his land (Deut. 2:26-27).

Kedesh [KEE desh] (holy) - the name of three cities in the Old Testament:

  1. A city in the territory of Naphtali allotted to the Levites and made a city of refuge (Judg. 4:6; Kedesh-naphtali, KJV).
  2. 
    
  3. A city in southern Judah (Josh. 15:23).
  4. 
    
  5. A Canaanite city conquered by Joshua allotted to the tribe of Issachar and given to the Levites (II Chron. 6:72). This city is also called Kishion (Josh. 19:20) or Kishon (Josh. 21:28, KJV).

Kehelathah [kee uh LAY thuh] (assembly) - a desert camp of the Israelites between Egypt and the Promised Land (Num. 33:22-23).

Keilah [kee EYE luh] (fortress) - a fortified city n the lowland plain of the territory of Judah, about 29 kilometers (18 miles) southwest of Jerusalem (Josh. 15:44). David and about 600 of his men attacked the Philistine army at Keilah and "struck them with a mighty blow" (I Sam. 23:5), saving the city.

Kenath [KEE nath] (meaning unknown) - a city on the northeastern border of Israelite territory. Kenath was the easternmost city of the Decapolis. It has been identified with Kanawat, on the western slop of Jebel Hauran (Mount Bashan), about 100 kilometers (62 miles) east of the Sea of Galilee.

Kerioth [KER ih ahth] (the cities) - the name of two cities in the Old Testament:

  1. A city of Judah in the Negev near Edom (Josh. 15:25). Judas, the disciple who betrayed Jesus, was probably a native of Kerioth since the name Iscariot means "man of Kerioth".
  2. 
    
  3. A fortified city in Moab (Jer. 48:24). Kerioth is probably the same place as Ar, the ancient capital of Moab.

Keveh [keh VAY] - probably an ancient name for the province of Cilicia, in Asia Minor (modern Turkey). King Solomon imported horses from Egypt and Keveh (I Kings 10:28; II Chron. 1:16; Kue, RSV, NASB, NIV; Coa, NEB).

Kibroth Hattaavah [KIB rahth huh TAY uh vuh] (the graves of gluttony) - a campsite on the Sinai Peninsula between the Wilderness of Sinai and Hazeroth (Num. 11:34-35). The name of this place came from the many Israelites who died from a plague in this region.

Kibzaim [kib ZAY uhm] (double gathering) - a city of Ephraim assigned to the Kohathite Levites and made one of the Cities of Refuge (Josh. 21:22).

The Kidron Valley The Kidron Valley. Jesus and His disciples crossed this valley and its brook on their way to the Garden of Gethsemane. Photo from www.freestockphotos.com.

Kidron [KIH drun] (gloomy) - a valley on the eastern slope of Jerusalem through which a seasonal brook of the same name runs. The meaning of the name is fitting, in view of the great strife which has surrounded the Kidron throughout Bible times. A torrent in the winter rains, it contains little water in the summer months.

The ravine of the Kidron valley begins north of Jerusalem, running past the Temple, Calvary, the Garden of Gethsemane, and the Mount of Olives to form a well-defined limit to Jerusalem on its eastern side. From there the valley and the brook reach into the Judean wilderness, where the land is so dry that the brook takes the name of Wadyen-Nar or "fire wadi". Finally its dreary course brings it to the Dead Sea.

Kidron was the brook crossed by David while fleeing from Absalom (II Sam. 15:23,30). While the brook is not large, the deep ravine is a significant geographical obstacle. When David crossed the Kidron and turned east to retreat from Absalom to the safety of Hebron, he signaled his abandonment of Jerusalem (II Sam. 15:23).

The Kidron Valley, just outside the walls of Jerusalem The Kidron Valley, just outside the walls of Jerusalem. Photo from www.freestockphotos.com.

On the west side of the Kidron is the spring of Gihon which King Hezekiah tapped for city water before the Assyrians besieged the city of Jerusalem. Hezekiah also blocked the Kidron and lesser springs in the valley to deny water to the besieging Assyrians.

Asa, Hezekiah, and Josiah, the great reforming kings of Judah, burned the idols and objects of worship of the pagan cults which they suppressed in the Kidron valley (I Kings 15:13). Beside the brook King Asa destroyed and burned his mother's idol of Asherah (I Kings 15:13). After this, the valley became the regular receptacle for the impurities and abominations of idol worship when they were removed from the TEmple and destroyed (II Kings 23:4,6,12; II Chron. 29:16; 30:14).

From the Kidron valley Nehemiah inspected the walls of Jerusalem at night, probably because the walls were clearly visible along that side (Neh. 2:15). In the time of Josiah, this valley was the common cemetery of Jerusalem (II Kings 23:6; Jer. 26:23). When Jesus left Jerusalem for the Garden of Gethsemane on the night of His arrest, He must have crossed the Kidron along the way.

Kinah [KIGH nuh] (lamentation) - a city on the southern boundary of Judah, probably not far from the Dead Sea.

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