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My Redeemer > Bible Dictionary > Biblical Places > Havoth Jair - Horeb







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Havoth Jair [HAY vahth JAY uhr] - a group of villages, east of the Jordan River in Gilead and Bashan, captured by Jair, son of Manasseh (Deut. 3:14; Havvoth-jair, NERB, NIV, RSV). According to Deuteronomy 3:4, there were 60 of these cities; but according to Judges 10:4, there were only 30.

Hazeroth [[HAH zuh rahth] (villages) - a place in the Wilderness of Paran where the Israelites camped after leaving Egypt (Num. 11:35). Here Miriam and Aaron criticized Moses' marriage to an Ethiopian woman and rebelled against him (Num. 1:1-). Hazeroth is possibly modern 'Ain Hadra, about 48 kilometers (30 miles) northeast of Mount Sinai.

Aerial view of the Hazor tel Aerial view of the Hazor. The largest tell in Israel, it is 200 acres. Photo from www.bibleplaces.com.








Hazor [HAH zohr] (an enclosure) - the name of three cities and one district in the Bible:

Hazor water system Hazor water system - This shaft, which is 40 feet deep, was built one hundred years after Solomon. Photo from www.bibleplaces.com.

  1. An ancient Canaanite fortress city in northern Palestine, situated about 16 kilometers (10 miles) northwest of the Sea of Galilee. When Joshua and the Israelites invaded Palestine, Hazor was one of the most important fortresses in the land (Josh. 11:10). This was due to its enormous size, its large population, and its strategic location on the main road between Egypt and Mesopotamia.

    Storehouse or stable This is either a storehouse of stable in Hazor. Photo from www.bibleplaces.com.

    When the Israelites approached Palestine, Jabin, the king of Hazor, and several other kings formed an alliance against them. Through GOD's power the Israelites defeated these armies, killed all the people of Hazor, and burned the city (Josh. 11:1-14). The city regained its strength during the time of the Judges. Because of Israel's sinfulness, GOD allowed the armies of Hazor to oppress the Israelites for 20 years (Judg. 4:1-3). Sisera, the captain of the armies of Hazor, and his 900 chariots were miraculously defeated by GOD through the efforts of Deborah and Barak (Judg. 4:4-24). Later Solomon chose Hazor as one of his military outposts (I Kings 9:15). The rebuilt city continued to play an important part in the northern defenses of Israel until it was destroyed by the Assyrian king, Tiglath-Pileser (II Kings 15:29), about ten years before the collapse of the Northern Kingdom in 721 B.C.

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  3. A city in the southern Judean desert (Josh. 15:23).
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  5. Hazor-Hadattah ("New Hazor") and Kerioth-Hazor ("City of Hazor"), which may be identical sites in southern Judea (Josh. 15:25).
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  7. A nomadic district or kingdom of villages in the Arabian desert (Jer. 49:28).

Heavenly City - the city prepared and built by GOD for those who are faithful to Him (Heb. 11:10,16). Known as the heavenly Jerusalem (Heb. 12:22), this is the city that is to come (Heb. 13:14). These references in Hebrews find their fulfillment in Revelation 21-22. The New Jerusalem is illuminated by the glory of GOD. It serves as the dwelling place of GOD His redeemed forever.

Hebron [HEE bruhn] (alliance) - the name of two cities in the Bible:

  1. A city situated 31 kilometers (19 miles) southwest of Jerusalem on the road to Beersheba. Although it lies in a slight valley, the city is 927 meters (3,040 feet) above sea level, which makes it the highest town in Palestine. Originally Hebron was called Kirjath Arba (Gen. 23:2). Numbers 13:22 speaks of Hebron being built seven years before Zoan in Egypt. This probably refers to the rebuilding of the city by the Hyksos rulers of Egypt. The 12 Hebrew spies viewed Hebron on their mission to explore the Promised Land.

    The area surrounding Hebron is rich in biblical history. Abram spent much of his time in Mamre in the area of Hebron (Gen. 13:18). He was living in Mamre when the confederacy of kings overthrew the Cities of the Plain and captured Lot (Gen. 14:1-13). Here, too, Abram's name was changed to Abraham (Gen. 17:5). At Hebron the angels revealed to Abraham that he would have a son who would be called Isaac (Gen. 18:1-15). Later, Sarah died at Hebron (Gen. 23:2); Abraham bought the cave of Machpelah as her burial place (Gen. 23:9).

    Machpelah, the burial place of Sarah Machpelah, Sarah's burial place in Hebron.

    During the period of the conquest of the land of Canaan, Joshua killed the king of Hebron (Josh. 10:3-27). Later, Caleb drove out the Anakim and claimed Hebron for his inheritance (Josh. 14:12-15). Hebron was also designated as one of the Cities of Refuge (Josh. 20:7). David ruled from Hebron the first seven years of his reign (II Sam. 2:11), after which he established Jerusalem as his capital.

    When Absalom rebelled against his father David, he made Hebron his headquarters (II Sam. 15:7-12). King Rehoboam fortified the city to protect his southern border (II Chron. 11:10-12). The discovery of a jar handle stamped with the royal seal dating from the eighth or seventh century B.C. testifies that Hebron was a key storage city for rations of Uzziah's army (II Chron. 26:10).

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  3. A town in Asher (Josh. 19:28, KJV; Ebron, RSV, NKJV). This may be the same town as Abdon (Josh. 21:30).

Hedge - a thorn hedge (Is. 5:5), a stone wall (Ps. 80:12), or a fence or partition of any kind (Mark 1:1). Hedges helped protect vineyards from thieves and predators. They consisted of loose stones or thorny branches or bushes.

Hena [[HEN uh] (meaning unknown) - a town of Syria captured by Sennacherib, king of Assyria (II Kings 18:34). Hena may be the same place as modern Anah, a town on the Euphrates River about 3 kilometers (20 miles) from Babylon.

Mount Hermon seen from Hazor Mount Hermon, seen from Hazor. Photo from www.bibleplaces.com.

Hermon [HUR mon] (sacred mountain) - the northern boundary of the land east of the Jordan River that Israel took from the Amorites (Deut. 3:8; Josh. 1:1). The mountain is the southern end of the Anti-Lebanon range and is about 3 kilometers (0 miles) long. It has three peaks (Ps. 4:6), two of which rise over 2,750 meters (9,000 feet) above sea level.

Hermon was regarded as a sacred place by the Canaanites who inhabited the land before the Israelites (Judg. 3:3). Snow covers the mountain during most of the year. Patches of snow remain even through the summer in shaded ravines. The beautiful snow-covered peaks of Mount Hermon can be seen from the region of the Dead Sea, over 196 kilometers (120 miles) distant. The glaciers of Mount Hermon are the major source of the Jordan River, and water from its slopes ultimately flows into the Dead Sea.

The psalmist speaks of the "dew of Hermon" (Ps. 133:3). The snow condenses to vapor during the summer, so that a heavy dew descends on the mountain while the areas surrounding Hermon are parched.

Mount Hermon probably was the site of our LORD's Transfiguration (Matt. 17:1-9; Mark 9:2-9; Luke 9:8-37). Jesus traveled with His disciples from Bethsaida, on the Sea of Galilee, to the area of Caesarea Philippi to the north and from there to a "high mountain". There, in the presence of His disciples, Jesus was transfigured. A tale tradition identifies the "high mountain" as Mount Tabor, but Mount Hermon is nearer Caesarea Philippi.

Herodium-Herod's fortress The Herodium, 8 miles south of Jerusalem, was built on a mountain 2460 feet above sea level. Constructed over a small pre-existing hill, the Herodium was a fortress for Herod to quickly flee to from Jerusalem and a luxurious palace for his enjoyment.

He chose to be buried here and the mountain is the shape of a tumulus. Herod's tomb has not been discovered in the recent excavations. Photo and text from www.bibleplaces.com.

Herodium [heh ROW dih um] - a fortress-palaces near the Palestinian city of Tekoa built by Herod the Great. It is not mentioned in the Bible. Its modern name is Jebel el-Fureidis ("Hill of Paradise") about 6.5 kilometers (6 miles) southeast of Bethlehem. When Herod the Great died in Jericho in 4 B.C., his body was borne in a funeral procession from Jericho, through Jerusalem, to Herodium, where it was interred. Herod's tomb has not yet been discovered.

Along with Machaerus and Masada, Herodium was one of the last strongholds of Jewish resistance to the Romans, who captured it in A.D. 7. Herodium was used as a supply depot by Simon Bar Kokba, who led a major but unsuccessful revolt against Rome (A.D. 132-135).

Heshbon [HESH bahn] (stronghold) - the former capital of Sihon, king of the Amorites. Situated in Transjordan about 80 kilometers (50 miles) east of Jerusalem and approximately 23 kilometers (14 miles) southwest of modern Amman, Jordan, Heshbon was captured by the Israelites (Josh. 12:1-2), then rebuilt and populated by the tribes of Reuben (Josh. 13:17) and Gad (I Chron. 6:81). Later, it was captured by Mesha, King of Moab, and was denounced by the prophets (Is. 15:4; 16:8-9).

Hethlon [HETH lahn] (meaning unknown) - a mountain pass on the northern boundary of Palestine, connecting the Plain of Hamath with the Mediterranean coast (Ezek. 47:15).

Hierapolis Theater Hierapolis Theater

Hierapolis [HIGH up rap uh lis] (priestly city) - a city of the district of Phrygia in southwest Asia Minor (modern Turkey). One of the three major cities of the Lycus River Valley, it was about 16 kilometers (10 miles) northwest of Colossae (Col. 4:13). According to tradition, Philip the evangelist was the first Christian messenger to Hierapolis. Christianity apparently flourished in the city.

High Places - elevated or hilltop sites dedicated to worship of pagan gods. Ancient peoples often built their shrines on hilltops. In Mesopotamia, where the land is flat, they built artificial mountains in the shape of step pyramids called Ziggurats. The Tower of Babel (Gen. 11:1-9) was probably such a ziggurat.

Most of the Old Testament references to high places indicate a form of pagan worship forbidden to the Israelites. But sometimes the LORD's people, with His approval, worshiped Him at elevated altars. This happened between the time Shiloh was destroyed and before the Ark of the Covenant was installed in Solomon's Temple. For instance, Samuel blessed the offerings made at the high place which perhaps was Ramah, a word which itself means "high place" (I Sam. 9:12-14). At nearby Gibeon there was a high place. During the reign of David the Tabernacle was there (I Chron. 16:39; 21:29; II Chron. 1:3-4). At this "high place" Solomon made many sacrifices, had his dream, and asked GOD for wisdom (I Kings 3:4-15).

After this early period in Israel's history, all high places mentioned in the Bible were off limits to GOD's people. In Leviticus 25:30 GOD promised to destroy the high places, which He knew His people would later build. They probably got the idea for such shrines of worship from the native Canaanites.

In his waning years, Solomon established high places for his pagan wives (I Kings 11:7-8). After Solomon's death, the rebellious Northern Kingdom had its high places. The two major ones, containing golden calves, were at Dan and Bethel (I Kings 12:8-33).

Hill Country - the hilly terrain of southern Palestine, referred to in the New Testament as the "hill country of Judea" (Luke 1:65).

Hill of the Foreskins - a place near Gilgal (Josh. 5:9) where the Israelites who were born during the wilderness wandering were circumcised (Josh. 5:3). Th NAS, NEB, NIV, and RSV translate the phrase as Gibeath-haaraloth.

Hill of GOD - the place where Saul was filled with the Spirit of the LORD and prophesied with a group of prophets (I Sam. 10:5).

Hinnom Valley in Israel Hinnom Valley south of Jerusalem. In Jeremiah's time this valley was associated with worship of the pagan god Molech in rites that required infant sacrifices (Jer. 19:1-9). Photo from www.freestockphotos.com.

Hinnom, Valley of [HEN nahm] - a deep, narrow ravine south of Jerusalem. At the High Places of Baal in the Valley of Hinnom, parents sacrificed their children as a burnt offering to the pagan god Molech (II Kings 23:10). Ahaz and Manasseh, kings of Judah, were both guilty of this awful wickedness (II Chron. 28:3; 33:6). But good King Josiah destroyed the pagan altars to remove this temptation from the Hebrew people.

The prophet Jeremiah foretold that GOD would judge this awful abomination of human sacrifice and would cause such a destruction that "the Valley of the Son of Hinnom" would become known as the Valley of Slaughter" (Jer. 7:31-32; 19:2,6; 32:35). The place was also called "Tophet".

Apparently, the Valley of Hinnom was used as the garbage dump for the city of Jerusalem. Refuse, waste materials, and dead animals were burned here. Fires continually smoldered, and smoke from the burning debris rose day and night. Hinnom thus became a graphic symbol of woe and judgment and the place of eternal punishment called Hell.

Translated into Greek, the Hebrew "Valley of Hinnom" becomes gehenna, which is used 12 times in the New Testament (11 times by Jesus and once by James), each time translated in the NKJV as "hell" (Matt. 5:22; Mark 9:43,45,47; Luke 12:5; James 3:6).

Holy Place - KJV term for the most sacred inner room in the TABERNACLE and the TEMPLE, where only the High Priest was allowed to go. This room, separated from the rest of the worship area by a sacred veil, represented the visible presence of GOD in all His power and holiness. In this room was the ARK OF THE COVENANT, covered by the sacred Mercy Seat (Ex. 25:10-22). Once a year on the Day of Atonement, the high priest entered the Holy Place with sacrificial blood and made ATONEMENT before GOD for the sins of the people (Leviticus 16).

Hor, Mount [hoer] (hill,mountain) - the name of two mountains in the Old Testament:

    The mountain on the border of the Edomites where Aaron died and was buried (Num. 20:2-29; Deut. 32:50). The word Hor is usually regarded as an archaic form of Har, the Hebrew word for "mountain". Numbers 20:23 indicates the Mount Hor was situated by the border of the land of Edom. This was the place where the Hebrew people stopped after they left Kadesh (Num. 20:2; 33:37).

    Early tradition established Jebel Harun, meaning "Aaron's Mountain" as the site of Mount Hor. It is a conspicuous mountain about 1,440 meters (4,800 feet) high on the eastern side of the Arabah, midway between the southern tip of the Dead Sea and the northern end of the Gulf of Aqaba. However, this peak is far from Kadesh. In recent years Jebel Madurah northeast of Kadesh on the northwest border of Edom has been suggested as the more likely site for Mount Hor.

    
    
  1. A mountain in northern Palestine between the Mediterranean Sea and the approach to Hamath (Num. 34:7-8). The exact site of this mountain is unknown.

Horeb, Mount [HOHR eb] (waste) - the "mountain of GOD" (Ex. 18:5) in the Sinai Peninsula where Moses heard GOD speaking through the burning bush (Ex. 3:1) and where the law was given to Israel.

See also SINAI.

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